Toy Safety Certificate
The Safety of every plush stuffed toy we produce at CustomePlushMaker is of the utmost importance to us.
Always, we hold an attitude of Children Toy Safety First, Strict Quality Control and Long Term Partnership Maintaining, the greatest care possible are taken to make sure you and your children stay safe with our toys.
All of our plush stuffed animal toys are tested for any age suitability. This means that unless a specific safety recommendation or suitability message, a plush stuffed animal toy is safe for all ages, from birth to 100 years old and beyond.
EN 71-1 Mechanical and physical properties
This part specifies the safety technical requirements and test methods for the mechanical and physical properties of toys of different age groups used from newborn infants to 14 years old children, as well as the requirements for packaging, marking and instructions for use。
EN 71-2 Combustion performance
This part specifies the types of flammable materials prohibited for all toys and the requirements for the combustion performance of some small fire source toys. The flammability requirements and test methods of five types of toy materials are specified in detail.
EN 71-3 Migration of specific elements
This part specifies the maximum limit and test method of transportable elements (antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, tin) in accessible parts or materials of toys.
EN 71-4 Experimental toys for chemistry and related activities
This part specifies the safety technical requirements for experimental toys for specific chemical and related activities.
EN 71-5 Chemical toys (except toys for chemical experiments)
This part specifies the safety technical requirements for other specific chemical toys except for chemical and related experimental toys.
EN 71-6 Label symbol for age warning
This part mainly determines the label symbol of toys - age warning, including the illustration and its meaning.
EN 71-7 Finger paint - Technical requirements and test methods
This part specifies the safety technical requirements and test methods for specific finger paint.
EN 71-8 Swing, slide and similar toys for indoor or outdoor use
This part specifies the safety technical requirements and test methods of swings, slides and similar toys for indoor or outdoor use in specific families, mainly in mechanical and physical aspects.
EN 71-9 General requirements for organic compounds
EN 71-10 Preparation and extraction of samples of organic compounds
EN 71-11 Methods of analysis of organic compounds
Requirements are put forward for the EN 71-9 standard of some organic chemical compounds migrated or contained in toys and toy materials. Products within the scope of the standard include toys designed for children under 3 years of age (because these toys may be chewed by children in the mouth), And products designed for older children (these products may come into contact with children's mouth, skin or be inhaled by children.) EN 71-9 specifies the upper limit of listed organic compounds. The standards should be read together with EN 71-10 and EN 71-11 standards, because these two sets of standards focus on the preparation and extract samples and their respective analytical methods.
BS 5665 (British Standards Institution)
DIN EN 71 (German Standards Institution)
NF EN 71 (French Standards Institution)
These three standards are divided into three parts: mechanical and physical performance, combustion performance, and migration of specific elements. As long as they pass the requirements of EN 71 test, they meet the requirements of these three standards. The first and second parts are generally regarded as the overall test, and the third part is the same as EN 71-3.
EN 1122：2001 EU inspection standard for cadmium content in plastics
This part can be tested according to customer requirements.
EN 71-3 Requirements for chemical testing
Test section selection:
Laboratory samples for testing must be in sale condition or toys for sale condition. The test part must be removed from the accessible part of a separate toy sample, that is, the same material on the toy can be combined as a separate test part, but no other toy sample can be used. The test section is not allowed to contain more than one material or more than one color unless physical separation methods do not allow the formation of separated samples, such as spot dyeing, printed fabrics or due to limited weight.
The test part of the material less than 10mg will not be tested. In order to ensure the accuracy of the test, if the sample weight is insufficient, please ask the customer to provide the raw materials of the test sample or provide several sets of samples.
Classification of the test section (9 categories):
The following transfers of elements of toy materials are included in the requirements of this section:
1. Paints, varnishes, nitrocelluloses, inks, polymer coatings and similar coatings;
2. Polymeric materials and similar materials, including laminated materials reinforced with or without textiles, but excluding other textiles;
3. Paper and cardboard;
4. Textiles, whether natural or synthetic;
5. Glass/Ceramic/Metallic materials: These materials do not need to be tested if they are completely covered by a coating and are determined to be inaccessible under EN 71-1. If the material is partially covered by a coating and the surface is still accessible, remove the coating first and test the toy and parts.
6. Other materials, whether heavily coloured or not (e.g. wood, fiberboard, cardboard, bone and leather);
7. Materials for leaving traces (such as graphite in pencils and liquid ink in pens);
8. Soft modeling materials, including modeling clay and gel;
9. Paints, including finger paint paints, varnishes, nitro paints, glazes and similar materials in solid or liquid form on toys.
Attention: EN 71-3 does not include certain toys and parts of toys which, by virtue of their accessibility, function, quality, size or other characteristics, clearly preclude the danger posed by sucking, licking or swallowing when taking into account the normal and foreseeable behaviour of the child. The following guidelines apply to determining the extent of sucking, licking, or swallowing:
- All toys for food/mouth contact, cosmetic toys and writing instruments belonging to the toy category;
- Toys for children under 6 years old, that is, all accessible parts and parts that may come into contact with the mouth.
American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM F963
What is the ASTM standard?
ASTM standards are documents developed and published by ASTM International. The complete form of ASTM is the American Society for Testing and Materials, the predecessor of this organization. Although these standards are voluntary, they are often referred to, quoted and incorporated in codes, regulations and laws around the world.
Toy Safety Standard ASTM F963 has been revised, the current version of ASTM F963-17: Toy Safety Standard Consumer Safety Specification revised and supersedes the 2016 edition, ASTM F963 is mandatory. ASTM F963-17 Test method covers toy testing to determine their application and suitable age group. The possible hazards of different toys are explained in detail, and suggestions for improvement are given. The method identifies the nature of hazards and children's natural inclination to cope with them, and the method covers the effective packaging and transportation of toys.
Toy safety ASTM F963-17 Test Method:
In addition to the guidelines, ASTM F963-17 contains testing methods for toys using by children under 14 years old. Since toys vary in their components and uses, the document covers the various materials for which safety requirements are covered.
ASTM F963-17 tests include the following:
- Chemical and heavy metal restrictions
- Mechanical and physical properties
- Electrical safety
- Small parts
Chemical and heavy metal restrictions:
These substances include lead, cadmium and phthalates. Products and materials containing excessive restricted substances (i.e. exceeding the set limit) do not meet the requirements of ASTM F963-17. Unlike EN71-3, ASTMF963 adds the test of total lead, but only the surface coating is required for the material.
Mechanical and physical properties:
ASTM F963-17 specifies the mechanical and physical requirements for toys. For example, sharp points, small parts, removable parts, etc. Mechanical and physical properties have a direct impact on the design of toys, because elements must be implemented on the drawing board to meet ASTM F963-17. Requirements for physical and mechanical properties mainly involve impact test, drop test, tensile test for component removal, pressure test, deflection test and so on. Products whose design is inherently non-compliant simply cannot pass ASTM F963-17.
The standard also covers requirements related to electrical safety, because some children's toys contain electrical components or batteries. Therefore, it is important that these components itself do not harm the children who use it.
Electrical safety aspects of ASTM F963-17 may affect PCB and wiring diagram. These must be considered at the toy design stage.
ASTM F963-17 covers the requirements for small objects and small parts, which must be subject to mandatory testing in a laboratory approved by CPSC.
The requirements for small parts will affect the beads, buttons and plastic eyes on plush toys. It also affects components that can be removed, disassembled or separated by children - which in turn may cause asphyxiation hazards.
Some toys must be tested to ensure that they are not excessively flammable. After a fire, the spontaneous combustion speed of the toy along the main axis should be less than 2.5 mm/s to avoid this situation when children play near heat or fire sources.